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Яндекс цитирования
 

METALOGICAL ASPECTS OF THEORY OF COMMUNICATION

Pereverzev V.N.
(Moscow, Russia)

Published: Collected research articles, Bulletin of Russian Communication Association "THEORY OF COMMUNICATION AND APPLIED COMMUNICATION", Issue 1 / Edited by I.N. Rozina, Rostov-on-Don: Institute of Management, Business and Law Publishing, 2002. - 168 p. P. 88-97.

Sort summary
The essay discusses material aspects of logical theory of communication. Four relations are emphasised as the most significant for understanding mechanisms of communication: designation, predication, formalisation, interpretation. A metalogical explanation of the following terms is suggested: "symbol", "informational message", "knowledge", "information" "communication", "intercourse". Main elements of the logical-semantic model of communication are discussed.

§ 1. Semantic approach to communication

According to the traditional view, communication is a process of transference of information from an addressor (sender of information) to an addressee (receiver of information). In other words, within the basis of intuitive perception of communication lies the well-known scheme "addressor - transference of information - addressee". This scheme should only be seen as the first step toward an understanding of mechanisms of communication, as it allows interpretation of key terms within a very wide range of semantic values. Besides, there is a lack of clarity with regard to the following two issues:

"What should be regarded as information? What objects are implied when we say that information is passed from an addressor to and addressee?

"Is it correct to identify communication with intercourse? Perhaps, there is a definite material difference between communication and intercourse?

The diversity of conceptual approaches to answering these questions shows that an appropriate general understanding of communication, which could serve as basis for analysing its practical aspects, has not been achieved yet. Simultaneously, contemporary metalogic (logical semantics in the first place) has reached scientific results, allowing formulation of constructive and, at the same time, sufficiently general understanding of communication. We can now discuss a complete logical theory of communication, which may serve as a basis for joining technical and humanitarian aspects of communication into a common system of views on communication. First of all, logical theory of communication assumes clarification of meaning of terms "information", "informational message", because these very terms are paramount for understanding the whole process of communication. Intuitively, it is clear that information must be distinguished from informational messages, which are used to transfer it from an addressor to an addressee. Information itself is some sort of abstract knowledge, which is expressed by way of informational messages, while the messages themselves are an ordered array of linguistic symbols. Clearly, for the present notion, the key terms are "symbol" and "knowledge". Thereby, the first step toward understanding mechanisms of communication must lie in an explanation of these terms.

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References

  1. Karnap R. Naming and necessity. - N.Y., 1959.
  2. Logic dictionary DEFORT/ed. by Ivin А.А., Pereverzev V.N, Petrov V.V. - Moscow, 1994. - 268p.
  3. Pereverzev V.N. Metalogical analysis of sign systems.- Moscow, MGLU, DE-88, М., 1998. - 9p.
  4. Pereverzev V.N. Logical semantics as a part of Metalogic.- Moscow, MGLU, DE-89, М., 1998. - 15p.
  5. Solso R. Cognitive Psychology. London, 1988. - 600p.

About the author

Pereverzev Vasily N.
Ph.D., Professor,
Logic Department,
Moscow State Linguistic University,
Moscow, Russia,
e-mail: defort@comail.ru

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